The art of painting goes back to the prehistoric times. Many styles and schools exist in India, but the two most famous ones cover the art of miniatures and that of Budhhists Thangka.
MiniaturesThe first known Indian miniatures are that of Budhhists (they represented essentially the life of Buddha) and Jains. When Mughals invaded India and brought with them a different style from Persia. Hindu and Muslim painters influence each other. In addition, engravings brought from the west by Jesuit missionaries bring other elements (perspective). Nowadays, this flourishing art, gave birth to the production of beautiful miniatures, especially in Rajasthan,made mostly on paper.
Bengal,(not to be confused with Bangladesh!) And Calcutta dominates the production of contemporary art painting.