Founded in the year 1724 by its founder and ruler Bhav Singh Ji Gohil, this city is the fifth largest city in the state of Gujarat. It was always been succeeded by ruler who have contributed to the development of this place. The founder of this place Bhav Singh Ji has created many educational as well as judicial institutions. The rulers who came after Bhav Singh Ji appointment many European architects for constructing administrative buildings as well as palaces.
The Gohil Rajput of Suryavanshi clan confronted many challenges in Marwar. Around 1260 AD, they moved to Gujarat and established three capitals namely: Sejakpur, Umrala and Sihor.
In 1722-1723, forces led y Khanthaji Kadani and Pilaji Geakwad tried to invade sihor but Maharaja Bhav Singh Ji Gohil protected the land and succeeded in repelling the force. After the attack, Maharaja Bhav Singh Ji Gohil realised that the reason for the continuous attack on Sihor is its location. Therefor, in 1723, he established a new capital near Vadva village, 20 km away from Sihor, and named it as Bhavnagar. It was intentionally chosen because of its potential for maritime trade. Till independence, Bhavnagar state was ruled by Gohil Rajput clan.
In 1947, the Deputy Prime Minister of the newly independent Indian Union Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel undertook the ambitious and complex process of unifying 565 princely states with the Union of India, Krishna Kumar Singh Ji was the first ruler to hand over his kingdom to the union of India.
Bhavnagar is a port city situated on the coastal region of Saurashtra peninsula. Being a gateway to Alang which is the biggest ship-breaking yard in Asia, this region serves as an important place for people who are coming on for business in Alang. Beside business purposes, Bhavnagar is also been visited by tourists as it serves as an important tourist spot some important tourist spots include Gaurishankar Lake, Victoria lake, Nilambag Palace, Gandhi Smiriti, Gopinath Beach, Barton Library and museums, Waterlock gate, Takshteswar temple and Gangahaja.
The main language of Bhavnagar is Gujarati which is spoken by almost everyone. Apart from Gujarati language, Hindi and English are also widely spoken.
People of Bhavnagar are highly cultured and have an internal love towards art.
The climate of Bhavnagar is hot semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. Summers start from March and goes till mid-June. Whereas the winter season is form mid-June to October. Bhavnagar receives rainfall between the months of July to October. The area receives 550 mm of rain on an average .
HOW TO REACH BHAVNAGAR
By Train Bhavnagar is well-connected by train to Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Surat, Vadodara, Mangalore, New Delhi, Kochi and other major cities of India.
By Bus The region is also well-connected by regular bus service from Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Junagarh and Surat.
WHAT TO DO IN BHAVNAGAR
• Visit the various temples in the city and admire their architectural beauty.
• Have a taste of traditional Gujarati cuisine.
• Explore the markets of Bhavnagar and shop traditional Gujarati Cloths.
• Rejoice in the colourful festivals and events of Gujarat.